Kulthi, commonly known as Horse gram, is a bean used in hilly regions of India. It is widely grown for human food as a pulse and fodder crop for livestock. It is very popular with the name of Ghahat in Uttarakhand Kumaon villages. It is also grown in states like Himachal, Tamilnadu, and Madhya Pradesh.
Kulthi is an excellent source of protein, carbohydrates, essential amino acids, iron, phosphorus, and vitamins such as carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin C. It might not be great in taste as compared to other beans but it sure shows many health-benefiting properties. As per Ayurveda, Kulthi has a Vata-Kapha balancing property that helps to reduce the symptoms of cough and arthritis.
One of the most prominent uses of Kulthi is in kidney stone treatment. The water extracted after soaking or boiling Kulthi not only helps in dissolving kidney stones but stops them from developing again. This is due to its Mutral (diuretic) nature.
It may also be helpful in conditions like skin inflammation. It decreases the redness of the skin due to inflammation or skin rash when applied to the affected area. This is due to its Kashaya property.
It is important to know that Kulthi contains a specific type of carbohydrate called raffinose oligosaccharides, which may cause gas and bloating, especially when eaten in large amounts.
Kulthi : Horse gram, Kulattha, Kulatthika, Tamrabija, Shwetabija, Chakra, Locanahita, Kumbhakari Drakprasada, Cakshushya, Dolichos biflorus, M. uniflorum , poor man’s pulse.